Brief outline of Hindi grammar
Hindi nouns (singular-plural & masculine-feminine):
All Hindi nouns are either masculine or feminine.
(1) All masculine nouns with 'A'-endingchange to 'e' for
(2) All feminine nouns, except 'I'-ending feminine nouns
ad 'en' for plural. Example . Please note that 'U'
is changed to 'u' in the process.
(3) All 'I'-ending feminine nouns take 'yAn' for plural.
Example . Please note that 'I' is changed to 'i'
in the process.
Hindi is a verb-final language and word-order of Hindi
is SOV (Subject, Object and Verb). So, for example, the English sentence
'John eats bread' will be written as 'John bread eats' in Hindi.
On account of being a verb-final language, Hindi has
a system of 'post-position' (as opposed to English 'pre-position'). For
example, English 'the book is on the table' will be written as 'the book
is the table on'.
Hindi has three 2nd person pronouns -- 'tU', 'tum' and
'Ap'. 'tU' is very informal and intimate, can be considered rude in formal
situations (never use it with strangers). 'tum' is used among friends etc.
'Ap' is highly formal.
In an unmarked situation, Hindi verbs agree with the
subject for number, person and gender.
Hindi has two grammatical genders -- masculine and feminine.
All nouns are assigned gender hence all noouns are either masculine or
Hindi operates on two number system --singular and plural
-- unlike Sanskrit which has three --singular, dual and plural
Hindi adjectives agree in number and gender with the nouns
that they modify. Hindi adjectives can be used pricatively as well. Adjectives
that in 'A' change according to the number and gender of the noun they
modify. Others adjectives don't change. Example