Hindi alphabet (the 'Varnamala')

In this page, we will discuss about Hindi vowels and consonants. This discussion is followed by a pronunciation key with reference to the places of articulation of the Hindi sounds.

Hindi alphabet is scientific and well organized. It is divided in two groups -- (1) vowels and (2) consonants. The vowels are organized in a sequence of a short vowel followed by the long counterpart of it. The consonants are organized according to the places of articualtion and with each group of consonants, we move from the back of the mouth (velum) to the front of the mouth (lips).

Hindi vowels: Vowels have two forms, the independent form (the 'swaras') and the dependent form (the 'mAtrAs').

Hindi consonants:

Special letters:

Click here to listen to Hindi sounds.

Go back to the home page