Research Paper
Children's Drawings and the Artistic Developmental Stages


Children grow and develop. They begin at their birth to move and demonstrate their physical expressions. As they grow up, children begin using various meanings and clues in order to express themselves, either through physical, vocal or emotional movement. Later on, the child starts to use the symbol. Though there are no precise and fixed evidences through which the ability of the child to use symbols can be defined and known, this ability is considered to be the most distinctive characteristic of children's development. (Gardner 1978; Gardner, Wolf & Smith 1982; Wilson & Wilson 1982).

Normally, children pass through different evolutionary stages, not only on the mental and physical development level, but also on the level of art development; using the symbol as a sign of their various expressions and emotions. Normally, a child between two and four years is not accurate in recalling the symbol and thoughts are easily scattered. Children easily use lines and figures to express their feelings and thoughts, by expressing a general idea through different symbols. There is no doubt that this process helps them to get involved in other mental activities, as sciences, politics, religion and art. The symbol is apparently linked with most fields of human activities. It is more obvious in the field of arts that are being developed comprehensively and precisely by the artists (Gardner 1978).

After the fifth year of age, children have an early art characteristics; they participate in various art activities and can understand the process of symbolic creation and innovation better in the formation of art. They also has the ability to demonstrate their potential in the innovation within new fields (Kogan 1972). When children join the school, they start to receive specialized curricular and extracurricular information aiming to create a process of equilibrium in the children's learning ability including the art information through the art education curriculum (Chapman 1978).

The process of teaching arts has gone through various developmental stages beginning from the process of imitation and literal copying of figures and drawings to the stage of the absolute free expression ending with the method of education through art. This is the most important aspect within the modern perspective.

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