Screening Parent Ideas 5 Essential Components Instructional Strategies Diagnostic Tests  Interventions

Five Essential Components of Reading  

Under Reading First (Title I, Part B, Subpart 1), district and school reading programs for K-3 students must include instruction, curriculum, and assessment on:

  1. PHONEMIC AWARENESS—The knowledge and manipulation of sounds in spoken words.
  1. PHONICS—The relationship between written and spoken letters and sounds.
  1. READING FLUENCY, INCLUDING ORAL READING SKILLS—The ability to read with accuracy, and with appropriate rate, expression, and phrasing.
  1. VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT—The knowledge of words, their definitions, and context.
  1. READING COMPREHENSION STRATEGIES—The understanding of meaning in text.
  2. Must be based on scientifically based research.
    Must include classroom-based screening, and instructional and diagnostic reading assessments.
    Should provide ongoing, high-quality professional development focused on essential elements of reading.

Under Reading First, school and district reading programs for K-3 students also can focus on:

Building students’ motivation to read.
Integrating technology into students’ opportunities to learn to read.


Reading definitions

14 Best Reading Practices